Gosnell and Abortion, Part 1 of 3
Less than a week after Kirsten Powers’ USA Today piece, the concerted pro-life effort to get the Gosnell trial the media attention it tragically deserves has succeeded. Sort of.
There are a lot of articles being written about Gosnell, but the vast
majority are focusing on the coverage of the trial, not the trial. To
be fair, some of these pieces delve into the grim details. Conor
Friedersdorf of The Atlantic pointed out
that in addition to dead babies, the story included: “The Exploited
Women. The racism. The numerous governmental failures.” And yet
Washington Post reporter Sarah Kliff still thinks this is a “local
crime” story, at least as far as her Twitter feed is concerned.
Kevin Drum of Mother Jones concurs, dismissing the pro-life outcry as “working the refs” and “a hustle”. The Daily Caller even covered an attempt to delete Kermit Gosnell’s Wikipedia page because it was just a “local multiple-murder story in Pennsylvania.” (The attempt failed.)
According to Drum, the lack of coverage doesn’t even need an
explanation. Why wasn’t it covered? “Beats me. I’ve often wondered just
what it is that causes some local crime stories to become media
sensations and others to molder in obscurity.” Just one of those things,
Friedersdorf, also pro-choice but possessed of some journalistic integrity, tried a little harder and came up with 14 theories. The most interesting comes near the end of the list:
13. Horrific as It Is, This Case Doesn’t Speak to Anything Larger About Abortion.
Is Friedersdorf claiming that it was horrific enough to be covered,
but that was cancelled out because it says nothing about abortion? Try
that logic out on other horrific stories: “Yeah, we were going to cover a
school shooting, but then we realized it wasn’t related to abortion so
we packed up and went home.” It sticks out on the list because it
doesn’t even answer the question. Or make any kind of sense at all.
The reality is that the Gosnell story isn’t ignored because it says nothing about abortion, but because it says a lot
about abortion. Friedersdorf had previously dismissed the idea that
“Pro-Choice Journalists Are Willfully Ignoring the Story to Avoid Giving
an Advantage to Pro-Lifers” (theory #9 on his list), but that’s not how
cognitive biases work. Their entire function is to pre-empt the pain of
cognitive dissonance by filtering out the uncomfortable evidence before you’re aware of it.
They lead people to do and say irrational things like, I don’t know,
propound entirely senseless theories just because they are reassuring.
Pro-choice journalists (a close synonym for just “journalists”) aren’t willfully
ignoring the story, but they were definitely ignoring it, and now that
they can’t do that they are mostly changing the subject by going meta.
The Gosnell case isn’t threatening because it’s intrinsically
pro-life,but it’s definitely kryptonite to the pro-choice status quo.
Starting today and continuing to posts on Thursday and Friday, I’ll do a
run-down on how the Gosnell story is a clear and present danger to the
myths and doublethink necessary to preserve America’s abortion status
1. America’s Abortion Laws Are Very Extreme
Most polls reflect that there is wide, popular support for the Supreme Court case that legalized abortion in the United States: Roe v. Wade.
Most polls also reflect, however, that Americans are fairly moderate on
abortion and believe it should be available only in limited
circumstances and not, for example, as just another method of birth
control. (Wikipeda summarizes some of the relevant polls.) The problem is, that’s exactly what Roe, and a lesser-known ruling handed down the same day, did.
Most people who are familiar with the abortion debate know that Roe set up a trimester system. Here it is:
(a) For the stage prior to approximately the end of the
first trimester, the abortion decision and its effectuation must be left
to the medical judgment of the pregnant woman’s attending physician.
(b) For the stage subsequent to approximately the end of the first
trimester, the State, in promoting its interest in the health of the
mother, may, if it chooses, regulate the abortion procedure in ways that
are reasonably related to maternal health.
(c) For the stage subsequent to viability the State, in promoting its
interest in the potentiality of human life, may, if it chooses,
regulate, and even proscribe, abortion except where necessary, in
appropriate medical judgment, for the preservation of the life or health
of the mother.
This sounds perfectly reasonable, but note that an exception for
“health” is always required. What does “health” mean? The answer lies
with that lesser-known ruling: Doe v. Bolton. In that decision, the majority opinion wrote:
Whether, in the words of the Georgia statute, “an abortion is necessary”
is a professional judgment that the Georgia physician will be called
upon to make routinely. We agree with the District Court, 319 F. Supp.,
at 1058, that the medical judgment may be exercised in the light of all
factors – physical, emotional, psychological, familial, and the woman’s
age – relevant to the well-being of the patient. All these factors may
relate to health.
This opinion makes two things clear. The first is that the definition
of “health” is incredibly broad. The second is that the person who gets
to make the decision about “health” is the woman’s doctor which is to
say, the abortionist. Practically speaking, the combination of Roe and
Doe come very close to making abortion available on-demand throughout
the 9 months of pregnancy. How close? Well the first person to be
charged with an illegal abortion in the United States (since Roe)
was Dr. Jose Higuera, who was charged in 2001 in Michigan.
As far as I know, Gosnell will be the second. Both of these cases are
very, very exceptional, however. In Higuera’s case, he was charged
after performing an abortion on a 28-week fetus for a woman who cited
only “personal reasons”. He botched the abortion and as a result his
patient “suffered a perforated uterus, small bowel obstruction,
peri-uterine abscess, and needed a hysterectomy, salpingectomy, and
small bowel resection.” Notice that if he hadn’t seriously injured his
patient, however, she wouldn’t have been likely to testify against him.
And without her testimony that the abortion was not for her “health”
there would be no way to charge him. That would be like saying that
speeding is illegal, but also saying that you can only convict a driver
if one of the passengers is willing to testify that they were speeding.
Interestingly enough, Pennsylvania’s abortion law actually doesn’t include the health exception, which arguably makes it unconstitutional. When Planned Parenthood sued to stop the 1989 law from going into effect,
however, they didn’t raise that issue and so the Supreme Court didn’t
rule on it. In the absence of a ruling, the law, which bans abortions
after the second trimester unless “pregnancy would result in
irreversible impairment of a major bodily function”, remains in effect
but also subject to possibly being overturned in a future legal battle.
But even in the interim, what kind of effect is it? By all accounts,
Gosnell violated that law with impunity–performing literally hundreds of
illegal abortions over more than a decade–while every responsible
oversight agency intentionally turned a blind eye. It was only after he
committed numerous murders (both children and pregnant women) that he
was finally arrested, and charging him with the illegal abortions seems
like little more than an afterthought.
The reality is that late-term abortions are rare in the US, but not
because of the law. (More on why they are rare tomorrow.) The health
exception loophole is too broad to be of any use except in the most
egregious of circumstances. Even when there are stricter laws on the
books, however, they are almost never prosecuted, as Gosnell’s case
illustrates clearly. And that’s one major reason why pro-choice
reporters don’t want to touch the case. Late-term abortions are supposed
to be rare hard-cases. For Gosnell they were routine. He carried out
hundreds or even thousands of late term “illegal” abortions, and faced
absolutely no consequences. Just as Higuera wouldn’t have, if he hadn’t
grievously injured and lied to his patient. Late term abortions may
represent only a small fraction of all abortions (about 1.5%) but that
still means we’re talking more than ten thousand every year. That’s not supposed to happen.
But it does. And not just at Gosnell’s clinic. Stories of horrific late-term abortion / murders abound. Here’s the HuffPo admirably covering murder charges
against Maryland doctors accused of killing viable fetuses as late as
26 weeks. Note that, once again, charges were only filed after the
abortionists botched an abortion and seriously wounded a patient. The
case was always a long shot, relying on applying a law that was
originally designed to protect pregnant women from violent attackers and
that had an exemption for abortions, so it’s no surprise prosecutors dropped the charges last month.
Far from being unique, Gosnell’s case highlights that the problem of
murdering babies who survive the initial stages of a late-term abortion
could be widespread. LifeNews has additional stories.
And that’s the iceberg underneath the Gosnell case: that here in this
country the laws about abortion are not moderate. They are not
reasonable. They are not, most Americans would agree if they knew the
reality, acceptable. Pro-choice journalists absolutely do not want to
start down that road, not because it’s a political strategy, but because
they don’t want to see the reality for themselves, either. It’s just
too hard to live with.
Thanks for this. (But please move this blog to wordpress or somewhere with social media integration!)