Having no religion is the biggest predictor for being pro-choice–bigger, even, than being liberal. Note, though, that the intense correlation doesn’t cut both ways: 80% of the nonreligious are pro-choice, yet only 50% of non-Catholic Christians and 45% of Catholics are pro-life. In fact, more Catholics called themselves pro-choice than pro-life! And yet we’re allegedly a Catholic movement?
73% of liberals and 63% of Democrats call themselves pro-choice. 63% of conservatives and 67% of republicans call themselves pro-life. I never have been that clear on the distinctions between liberal/Democrat and conservative/Republican. They seem to generally follow the same polling trends. In any case this still leaves roughly 1/3 of Democrats who don’t consider themselves “pro-choice” and 1/3 of Republicans who don’t consider themselves “pro-life.” If the labels weren’t so strongly associated with specific political parties, how might that change peoples’ self-descriptions?
The more college education a person has, the more likely they are to say they’re pro-choice. Other polls have shown the more college education a person has, the less religious that person tends to be. And it’s no surprise that education is positively correlated with income. In other words, while it’s clear that education and the “pro-choice” label are correlated, it’s not clear whether (a) increased education causes people to be pro-choice, (b) being pro-choice makes it easier for people to increase their education (how many women cite disruption to their education as a reason to get an abortion?), or (c) being pro-choice and being well-educated are both correlated with some third causal factor, like being non-religious.
I think this factor surprised me the most. According to Guttmacher, 73% of women who get abortions cite financial problems as a major reason. Yet the less income a person has, the less likely they are to say they’re “pro-choice.” I’m not sure what to make of that. Thoughts?
I would love to see a poll that asks more about the legality of abortion, and less about labels. It should also ask not just whether abortion is moral or immoral, but why respondents think it’s moral or immoral. Maybe that would shed more light on the national perception of the abortion debate.